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The following are the main steps you need to complete when implementing a disaster plan for your family.
Create a crisis communication plan
One of the most critical parts of your family disaster plan is the crisis communication plan. This plan will outline how you and your loved ones will contact each other if you are separated during a terrorist attack or natural disaster.
Begin by choosing a friend or family member who will act as your contact person. You may wantot o designate someone who is outside your locall calling area, as they will probably not be affected by the same situation you are dealing with. Once you have chosen your contact, record all of their information and distribute it to your family. This should include their name, address, phone and cell phone numbers, and e-mail. Make sure each person carries this information with them at all times.
In a crisis, each family member needs to call the contact person and report their location. Once everyone is accounted for and instructions have been received from first responders, you can determine whether or not it is safe to try and reunite. If it is possible for you to meet without anyone being placed in jeopardy, use your contact to help coordinate the details, such as where and when the meeting will take place.
Create a 3-day kit
Another important facet of the crisis plan for your family is a survival kit. In the event of an emergency, you will want to be armed with all the necessary provisions, With the right supplies, you will be able to react quickly and efficiently and will be better able to care for your family.
You will want to keep your disaster survival kit packed and in an easily accessible location. You may choose to make several kits: one to be used at home, a smaller kit if you need to evacuate from your home, one for your office, and one for your car.
Kits should be stored in a durable, easy to handle, container, such as a garbage can, duffle bag or plastic storage bin.
To begin, assemble enough food and water for each family member for approximately three days. Food should be canned goods and items that do not require cooking. Each person should have a gallon of water a day, which can be used for drinking as well as sanitation.
Once you have all the staples you need, you can then begin to add a few items to make you and your family more comfortable. You might want to consider adding books, a deck of cards, or a few games. These additions to your kit will be helpful, especially if you have small children.
3-day kit Checklist
Your 3-day kit should contain the following items: (This list is not all-inclusive.)
Remember, you will want to be sure your kit has an adequate supply of any prescription medications and extra contact lenses or glasses for those who wear them.
Keeping mail safe
In the tulmultuous times in which we live, a terrorist threat can take many forms. In recent years, the possibility of a biological threat being introduced through the mail has become a reality.
Terrorists can attempt to use letters or packages to spread infectious materials, which are introduced to the body through contact with the skin and/or inhalation. Yet, homes and businesses are not defenseless agains this threat; by taking some time to familiarize yourself with a few simple guidelines about how to recognize and deal with suspicious packages and letters you can significantly reduce your vulnerability to these possible attacks.
Warning signs of suspicious letters:
Warning signs of suspicious packages:
If you receive a suspicious letter or package:
You can help to prevent terrorist attacks by reporting certain activities, especially when these activities occur at or near key facilities such as government, military, utility, or other high profile sites. Suspicious activities should be reported to your law enforcement agency or the closest Federal Bureau of Investigation office.
Activities to watch for. . .
Test of security
Mapping of scenarios
What should you do?
Local FBI contact numbers
Cheyenne - 307-632-6224
Joint Terrorism Task Force
Denver - 303-628-3000
Next, assemble a portable pet disaster supplies kit. Your pets have daily needs just like we do.
Your kit should include:
Known as taking shelter-in-place, you will want to have a safe environment in your home where you can go when you find yourself in immediate danger. An effective shelter is important if the air around you becomes contaminated with a dangerous agent, such as a chemical or biological attack, or a hazardous materials spill or accident.
To create a shelter, choose a room as far removed from the outside air as possible. You will benefit from choosing a room that has few, if any, windows and a limited number of doors.
Once your shelter location is chosen, make it known to each family member and stock it with as many supplies as possible, including plastic sheeting and duct tape that can be used to seal the room. If you are unable to keep your 3-day kit in your designated shelter, place it in a nearby location that can be quickly accessed.
Check your shelter for places where contaminated aire could seep through. These include fireplaces, forced air heating systems and dryer vents. Make sure each family member knows how to restrict airflow from these locations.
If you are being evacuated
If you are in a position where you need to evacuate your home, the first thing you will want to do is locate your 3-day kit. If you can safely use the phone, call your crisis contact and inform them of your need to evacuate and tell them where you plan to go.
During an evacuation, authorities will instruct you as to whether or not you should leave your utilities on or turn them off. Keep in mind, however, that these steps should only be followed if you are not in imminent danger. If first responders tell you to vacate your home immediately, do so.
Once you have assembled your supplies and take the necessary precautions, remember to lock your doors and windows. Before leaving your home, make sure you have the most up-to-date information on where you should go, taking into consideration that you will want to remove yourself as far as possible from danger. The emergency broadcast system will update you with any changes to the location of shelters.
During an evacuation, be sure to follow routes designated by first responders. They will steer you clear of any danger, such as impassable roads or downed power lines.
There are many preparations you can make now to help in the event you need to evacuate your home. You should always keep at least half a tank of gas in your vehicle and have a supply of cash or travelers checks on hand as ATM machines may or may not be working.